The Land Centre asks the President and his government,” When will Temporary employees in the state directories turn to permanent?”
While the ministers of new government are scrambling to announce facilities and exemptions which are implemented to attract investment and business, and aiming to postpone the demands of workers for permanent jobs, fair salaries and human working conditions as they are considered categorical demands. The current Government persisted in the imprisonment of some union leaders demanding rights Workers without being aware of the lesson that overthrew the ousted gang regime. And the centre confirms that handling the discrepancies should be with responding to the demands and by affirming a clear time framed schedule that have been waited for so long to guarantee the rights of all wages workers in Egypt.
Recently, the Centre has received complains of thousands of workers in different governmental firms about the rejection of different administrations to turn them to permanent employees. Hundreds of agriculture reform employees in Desouk, Kafr El sheikh mayday from the administration recruiting decision lengthening although they have been informed on 02/05/2012 to complete their papers to turn them to permanent by the Ministry of Finance with the signature of the head of the firm and the head of central administration.
After long negotiations, the Commission informed them that their papers were sent to the Central Agency for Organization and Directors on 20/02/2012, but the Central device denied the receipt of their personnel files and their data!
The disgraceful thing is that the President of the Assembly of agrarian reform in the governorate recently threatened workers in the event of continued demands for permanent turn with dismissal and expulsion from the corridors of the body; he might believe like the ousted president and his gang that it’s his father’s estate.
The amazing thing is that the land center received a reply in response to the complaint from Kafr el-Sheikh governorate stating that legalizing the situation of workers of the General Authority of agrarian reform is currently being handled, as if all those years and the last months are not sufficient yet to issue a decision to turn temporary employees in a government sector that should comply with the laws and respect ILO conventions to ensure the right of decent work for all employees.
In the same context, the centre received the complaint of temporary workers agricultural association of Mallawi province in Minya and according to which they are working on temporary contracts with low wages (their salary is seventy five pounds monthly), and despite the meager salary has not been cashed throughout the past five years and, despite a decision by the Prime Minister and Minister of Agriculture install labor interim 2/5/2011 number 152 but that decision has not been implemented yet!.
Temporary workers ask President Morsi and his government commit to the application of laws and conventions that guarantee the right to decent work order on the social peace, PCHR calls upon the President of the Republic to take legal action against his ministers and his government to respect the law and the application of the provisions of international covenants pursuant workers’ right to a fair wage and decent work.
The interesting thing is that the center received complaints from some workers Armant area of agrarian reform in Luxor stating that their appointment on the pretext that they are working for the benefit of private sector companies, despite their constant Authority, complainants are wondering how we work with our colleagues in the same place and we do the same job and they are permanent and get about 1000 pounds a month and we are working for the benefit of a private company and one of us earns 260 pounds a month.
The complainants say, “We demand equality to believe that the era of injustice was gone, our voice heard with you or not, and whether, when we strikes and demonstrations say we disrupt work, Is someone going to listen to us or our complaint is doomed as usual to the garbage pin”
In this context, the Centre received a complaint from dozens of temporary workers in the land reclamation sector at the Ministry of Agriculture in Sohag and Assiut (surveillance sector) after being affected by non-proofed, although work mostly before 2002, the ministry. Despite the lack of dropping out throughout this period of work and exchange their meager salaries that do not exceed two hundred pounds a month, the administration rejects the application Prime Minister’s decision and threatened with expulsion from ministry heaven, which inherited from the deposed and his gang and their corrupt regime.
In the same context, The Centre received a complaint from temporary workers in the education sector of Deir Mawas province of Minya and affected by the weakness of their salaries, which are less than one hundred pounds and the intransigence of the administration to ensure their rights and refusing appointed, screaming workers in their claim, saying “Should we revolt and burn ourselves to awaken these officials, How could our salaries be fifty pounds a month and the price of one kilo of meat reached seventy pounds, what justice and contempt of our humanity is this?. Their message ends with them saying,” Please approve our pensions retroactively to calm down and feel our stolen humanity because mercy is due for the live before the dead. Our silence during the last period was not indicative of satisfaction. We shall blow ourselves if we are not turned to permanent employees and if our salaries were not increased by the state”.
It is worth mentioning that the informal labor sector accounts for between 20% to 54% of the labor force in Egypt ratios range from non-agricultural workers in which between 50% to 60% of the volume of employment in the informal sector. The proportion of female employment in the informal sector used to range from 33% at the beginning of the nineties to 39% at the beginning of this century.
Due increasing employment rates in this sector to several factors, including:
- The application of state of structural adjustment policies and privatization, which led to the increasing numbers of unemployed, which dispensed with the institutions of government and the public sector and the resort of large numbers of them to work in the informal sector, where the privatization policies to transmit hundreds of thousands of workers to retire according to the system of early retirement, according to estimates by the Ministry of business redundancy so far that require disposal of more than 300 thousand workers subject to the Act 203 for 1991.
- The application of law 96/1992, which led to the expulsion of more than 904 thousand farmers from their lands, which they rented. The source of their livelihood only, prompting a lot of these farmers and their families, which account for 3.5 million individual to search for other job opportunities and turning them into seasonal workers.
- Abandoned the state for its role in employing graduates as many resorted to work in the informal sector on the grounds that the only alternative, and the state’s failure to build and develop agriculture and industries, which leads in the end to fire workers and leave their performance.
PCHR submit complaints of temporary workers to the competent authorities for confirmation and raise wages and disbursed retroactively it emphasizes the arbitrary actions violation of the law officials and ministerial decrees issued to install temporary employment with the government.
And the miserable thing is that the plans to install temporary employment with the state has been issued which multiple government decisions but the Brotherhood government reneged on the implementation of those decisions in application of the Fund’s loan conditions, which requires the liberalization of the economy and the market and labor relations.
PCHR Calls for the president and his government need to implement the decisions of the installation of temporary workers in all branches of government and raise their salaries to 1500 pounds and disbursed retroactively to ensure their rights in social and health insurance and safe living holy and decent work.